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Poly-Vinyl Chloride Global Market Report 2023 – By Product Type (Rigid PVC, Flexible PVC, Low-smoke PVC, Chlorinated PVC), By Application (Pipes and Fittings, Film and Sheets, Wire and Cables, Bottles, Profiles, Hoses and Tubing, Other Applications), By End User Industry (Building and Construction, Automotive, Electrical and Electronics, Packaging, Footwear, Healthcare, Other End Use Industries) – Market Size, Trends, And Market Forecast 2023-2032

Starting Price : $4000.00 | Pages : 175 | Published : January 2023 | SKU CODE : r1566 | Delivery Time: 2-3 business days | Format :


Polyvinyl chloride is a white synthetic organic compound available in powder form or granules with a high density and high impact strength. PVC is commonly used in construction as insulation on electrical wires. It is also blow-molded into clear, transparent bottles.

The product types of poly-vinyl chloride are rigid PVC, flexible PVC, low-smoke PVC, and chlorinated PVC. Rigid PVC is a strong, stiff, low-cost plastic material that is easy to fabricate and easy to bond by using adhesives or solvents. The applications are pipes and fittings, film and sheets, wire and cables, bottles, profiles, hoses and tubing, and other applications. The end-use industries are building and construction, automotive, electrical and electronics, packaging, footwear, healthcare, and other end-use industries.

The poly-vinyl chloride (PVC) market research report is one of a series of new reports from The Business Research Company that provides poly-vinyl chloride (PVC) market statistics, including poly-vinyl chloride (PVC) industry global market size, regional shares, competitors with a poly-vinyl chloride (PVC) market share, detailed poly-vinyl chloride (PVC) market segments, market trends and opportunities, and any further data you may need to thrive in the poly-vinyl chloride (PVC) industry. This poly-vinyl chloride (PVC) market research report delivers a complete perspective of everything you need, with an in-depth analysis of the current and future scenario of the industry.

The global poly-vinyl chloride market size will grow from $82.46 billion in 2022 to $89.02 billion in 2023 at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 7.9%. The Russia-Ukraine war disrupted the chances of global economic recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic, at least in the short term. The war between these two countries has led to economic sanctions on multiple countries, a surge in commodity prices, and supply chain disruptions, causing inflation across goods and services and affecting many markets across the globe. The global poly-vinyl chloride market size is expected to grow from $119.4 billion in 2027 at a CAGR of 7.6%.

The PVC market growth was aided by increased demand from industries such as construction, health care, and packaging. The growing need for PVC is expected to drive the market. PVC is lightweight and strong and is heavily used in the construction industry in the form of pipes, windows, flooring, and roofing. According to Oxford Economics, a UK-based firm providing global economic forecasting and econometric analysis, the worldwide construction output is expected to grow from $10.7 trillion in 2020 to $15.2 trillion by 2030 at a rate of 42%, which is expected to positively impact the PVC market. The growth of end-user industries, including construction, health care, and packaging, boosts the demand for PVC, increasing the growth of the PVC market.

The environmental impacts of using PVC challenge the growth of the PVC market. The emission of toxic fumes emitted during the manufacturing, use, and disposal of PVC raises environmental concerns. The manufacturing of PVC consumes a high amount of chlorine gas, due to which a large number of hazardous gases as by-products are emitted during the whole PVC lifecycle. PVC resists natural degradation. It stays in the environment for a long time, contributing to global pollution. Due to the harmful effects of PVC on the environment, PVC packaging has been banned or restricted in a number of countries around the world, such as Canada, Spain, South Korea, and the Czech Republic. Some U.S. cities, such as Rahway, NJ and Glen Cove, NY, have prohibited the use of PVC in food packaging or utensils. The ill effects of PVC restrain the growth of the Poly-Vinyl Chloride market.

Poly-vinyl chloride manufacturing companies are increasingly implementing the new "molecular orientation" technology to improve the physical and mechanical properties of the PVC produced. Molecular orientation is a manufacturing method that increases the flexibility and resistivity of PVC from fatigue and impact. Under certain pressure, temperature, and speed conditions, molecular technology aligns the randomly arranged molecules in a normal PVC in the same direction. The new alignment improves the strength and ductility of the PVC pipes, creating new PVC-O pipes. For instance, Molecor uses molecular orientation to produce TOM® PVC-O pipes. These pipes are resistant to low temperatures and have high resistance to cracks or impacts.

In October 2021, Oldcastle Infrastructure, a US-based company providing infrastructure services acquired National Pipe & Plastics Inc. for an undisclosed amount. The acquisition added PVC pipe portfolio to Oldcastle Infrastructure and enables it to offer integrated solutions to its customers. National Pipe & Plastics Inc. is a US-based PVC pipes company.

Major players in the polyvinyl chloride market are Westlake Chemical Corporation, Shin-Etsu Chemical Co., INEOS Group Ltd., LG Chem, Formosa Plastics Corporation, Occidental Chemical Corporation, China National Chemical Corporation (ChemChina), Mexichem SAB de CV, Axiall Corporation, and Shin-Etsu Chemical Co.

Asia-Pacific was the largest region in the polyvinyl chloride market in 2022. North America was the second-largest region in the global polyvinyl chloride market. The regions covered in the global poly-vinyl chloride market report are Asia-Pacific, Western Europe, Eastern Europe, North America, South America, Middle East, and Africa.

The countries covered in the polyvinyl chloride market are Brazil, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Japan, South Korea, Russia, the UK, the USA, and Australia.

The polyvinyl chloride (PVC) market consists of the sales of molecularly oriented polyvinyl chloride and modified polyvinyl chloride. Values in this market are factory gate values, that is the value of goods sold by the manufacturers or creators of the goods, whether to other entities (including downstream manufacturers, wholesalers, distributors, and retailers) or directly to end customers. The value of goods in this market includes related services sold by the creators of the goods.

The market value is defined as the revenues that enterprises gain from the sale of goods and/or services within the specified market and geography through sales, grants, or donations in terms of the currency (in USD, unless otherwise specified).

The revenues for a specified geography are consumption values that are revenues generated by organizations in the specified geography within the market, irrespective of where they are produced. It does not include revenues from resales along the supply chain, either further along the supply chain or as part of other products.

The global poly-vinyl chloride market is segmented -

1) By Product Type: Rigid PVC, Flexible PVC, Low-smoke PVC, Chlorinated PVC

2) By Application: Pipes & Fittings, Film & Sheets, Wire & Cables, Bottles, Profiles, Hoses & Tubing, Other Applications

3) By End User Industry: Building & Construction, Automotive, Electrical & Electronics, Packaging, Footwear, Healthcare, Other End Use Industries

    Table Of Contents

    1. Executive Summary

    2. Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market Characteristics

    3. Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market Trends And Strategies

    4. Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market – Macro Economic Scenario

    4.1 COVID-19 Impact On Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market

    4.2 Ukraine-Russia War Impact On Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market

    4.3 Impact Of High Inflation On Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market

    5. Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market Size And Growth

    5.1. Global Poly-Vinyl Chloride Historic Market, 2017-2022, $ Billion

    5.1.1. Drivers Of The Market

    5.1.2. Restraints On The Market

    5.2. Global Poly-Vinyl Chloride Forecast Market, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion

    5.2.1. Drivers Of The Market

    5.2.2. Restraints On the Market

    6. Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market Segmentation

    6.1. Global Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion

    Rigid PVC

    Flexible PVC

    Low-smoke PVC

    Chlorinated PVC

    6.2. Global Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By End User Industry, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion

    Building & Construction

    Automotive

    Electrical & Electronics

    Packaging

    Footwear

    Healthcare

    Other End Use Industries

    6.3. Global Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Application, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion

    Pipes & Fittings

    Film & Sheets

    Wire & Cables

    Bottles

    Profiles, Hoses & Tubing

    Other Applications

    7. Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market Regional And Country Analysis

    7.1. Global Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Split By Region, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion

    7.2. Global Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Split By Country, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion

    8. Asia-Pacific Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market

    8.1. Asia-Pacific Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market Overview

    Region Information, Impact Of COVID-19, Market Information, Background Information, Government Initiatives, Regulations, Regulatory Bodies, Major Associations, Taxes Levied, Corporate Tax Structure, Investments, Major Companies

    8.2. Asia-Pacific Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion

    9. China Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market

    9.1. China Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market Overview

    9.2. China Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F,$ Billion

    10. India Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market

    10.1. India Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion

    11. Japan Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market

    11.1. Japan Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion

    12. Australia Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market

    12.1. Australia Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion

    13. Indonesia Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market

    13.1. Indonesia Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion

    14. South Korea Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market

    14.1. South Korea Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion

    15. Western Europe Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market

    15.1. Western Europe Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market Overview

    15.2. Western Europe Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion

    16. UK Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market

    16.1. UK Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion

    17. Germany Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market

    17.1. Germany Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion

    18. France Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market

    18.3. France Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion

    19. Eastern Europe Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market

    19.1. Eastern Europe Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market Overview

    19.2. Eastern Europe Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion

    20. Russia Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market

    20.1. Russia Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion

    21. North America Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market

    21.1. North America Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market Overview

    21.2. North America Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion

    22. USA Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market

    22.1. USA Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market Overview

    22.2. USA Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion

    23. South America Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market

    23.1. South America Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market Overview

    23.2. South America Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion

    24. Brazil Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market

    24.1. Brazil Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion

    25. Middle East Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market

    25.1. Middle East Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market Overview

    25.2. Middle East Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion

    26. Africa Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market

    26.1. Africa Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market Overview

    26.2. Africa Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion

    27. Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market Competitive Landscape And Company Profiles

    27.1. Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market Competitive Landscape

    27.2. Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market Company Profiles

    27.2.1. Westlake Chemical Corporation

    27.2.1.1. Overview

    27.2.1.2. Products and Services

    27.2.1.3. Strategy

    27.2.1.4. Financial Performance

    27.2.2. Shin-Etsu Chemical Co

    27.2.2.1. Overview

    27.2.2.2. Products and Services

    27.2.2.3. Strategy

    27.2.2.4. Financial Performance

    27.2.3. INEOS Group Ltd., LG Chem

    27.2.3.1. Overview

    27.2.3.2. Products and Services

    27.2.3.3. Strategy

    27.2.3.4. Financial Performance

    27.2.4. Formosa Plastics Corporation

    27.2.4.1. Overview

    27.2.4.2. Products and Services

    27.2.4.3. Strategy

    27.2.4.4. Financial Performance

    27.2.5. Occidental Chemical Corporation

    27.2.5.1. Overview

    27.2.5.2. Products and Services

    27.2.5.3. Strategy

    27.2.5.4. Financial Performance

    29. Key Mergers And Acquisitions In The Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market

    29. Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market Future Outlook and Potential Analysis

    30. Appendix

    30.1. Abbreviations

    30.2. Currencies

    30.3. Historic And Forecast Inflation Rates

    30.4. Research Inquiries

    30.5. The Business Research Company

    30.6. Copyright And Disclaimer

List Of Tables

    Table 1: Global Historic Market Growth, 2017-2022, $ Billion
  • Table 2: Global Forecast Market Growth, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Table 3: Global Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Table 4: Global Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By End User Industry, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Table 5: Global Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Application, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Table 6: Global Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Split By Region, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Table 7: Global Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Split By Country, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Table 8: Asia-Pacific, Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Table 9: China, Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Table 10: India, Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Table 11: Japan, Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Table 12: Australia, Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Table 13: Indonesia, Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Table 14: South Korea, Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Table 15: Western Europe, Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Table 16: UK, Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Table 17: Germany, Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Table 18: France, Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Table 19: Eastern Europe, Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Table 20: Russia, Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Table 21: North America, Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Table 22: USA, Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Table 23: South America, Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Table 24: Brazil, Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Table 25: Middle East, Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Table 26: Africa, Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Table 27: Westlake Chemical Corporation Financial Performance
  • Table 28: Shin-Etsu Chemical Co Financial Performance
  • Table 29: INEOS Group Ltd., LG Chem Financial Performance
  • Table 30: Formosa Plastics Corporation Financial Performance
  • Table 31: Occidental Chemical Corporation Financial Performance

List Of Figures

    Figure 1: Global Historic Market Growth, 2017-2022, $ Billion
  • Figure 2: Global Forecast Market Growth, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Figure 3: Global Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Figure 4: Global Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By End User Industry, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Figure 5: Global Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Application, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Figure 6: Global Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Split By Region, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Figure 7: Global Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Split By Country, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Figure 8: Asia-Pacific, Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Figure 9: China, Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Figure 10: India, Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Figure 11: Japan, Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Figure 12: Australia, Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Figure 13: Indonesia, Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Figure 14: South Korea, Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Figure 15: Western Europe, Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Figure 16: UK, Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Figure 17: Germany, Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Figure 18: France, Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Figure 19: Eastern Europe, Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Figure 20: Russia, Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Figure 21: North America, Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Figure 22: USA, Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Figure 23: South America, Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Figure 24: Brazil, Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Figure 25: Middle East, Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Figure 26: Africa, Poly-Vinyl Chloride Market, Segmentation By Product Type, Historic and Forecast, 2017-2022, 2022-2027F, 2032F, $ Billion
  • Figure 27: Westlake Chemical Corporation Financial Performance
  • Figure 28: Shin-Etsu Chemical Co Financial Performance
  • Figure 29: INEOS Group Ltd., LG Chem Financial Performance
  • Figure 30: Formosa Plastics Corporation Financial Performance
  • Figure 31: Occidental Chemical Corporation Financial Performance
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