Animal Testing And Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market 2022 – By End User Industry (Pharmaceuticals, Academic Research, Medical Devices, Chemicals And Pesticides, Cosmetics, Others), By Animal Type (Mice, Rat, Frogs, Fish, Birds, Guinea pig, Hamster, Rabbits, Sheep, Dogs, Cats, Monkeys, Pigs, Others), And By Region, Opportunities And Strategies – Global Forecast To 2031

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Animal Testing And Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market Definition

The animal testing market consists of the total expenses incurred by end-use entities that use animals for testing their products. End-use entities include academic research institutions and various industries (such as pharmaceuticals, medical devices, chemicals & pesticides and cosmetics,) that conduct animal testing during product development. Pharmaceutical and medical device companies also use animal testing to understand basic disease mechanisms. End-use entities may also outsource these tests to clinical research organizations (CROs). The animal testing market covered in this report includes sales of animal testing services by CROs to end use industries.

The market includes the costs of animal models and the costs of animal testing operations (such as animal maintenance and feed) during drug/ product testing. This market does not include animals caged in companies as stock and not used for testing, and animals used for breeding. The market takes into account the testing performed on animals in a particular geography i.e., where the testing happens, irrespective of where the products (drug or chemicals) that need to be tested are produced.

The non-animal alternative testing market is the total expenses incurred by end-use entities that use alternative technologies instead of animals for testing their products. End-use entities include academic research institutions, and various industries (such as pharmaceuticals, medical devices, chemicals & pesticides and cosmetics) performing animal testing to conduct basic research, toxicology profiling, and others. The non-animal testing market covered in this report includes sales of non-animal testing services by CROs to end use industries. The market is inclusive of the costs of alternate technology tools and other operational costs involved in using these tools for various preclinical testing purposes.  The market takes into account the testing performed in alternative technologies in a particular geography i.e., where the testing happens, irrespective of where the products (drug or chemicals) that need to be tested are produced.

Animal Testing And Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market Size

The global animal testing market size was valued at $10.74 billion in 2019 and the market is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 4.27% during 2019-2025 and at a CAGR of 2.46% during 2025-2035. USA and Japan are the major animal testing markets in the world. The USA’s animal testing market was valued at $4.67 billion in 2019, and is expected to grow at a CAGR of 1.49% during 2019-2025 and at a CAGR of 0.57% during 2025-2035. Japan’s animal testing market was valued at $1.03 billion in 2019. The market is forecast to grow at a CAGR of 3.51% during 2019-2025, and at a CAGR of 1.73% during 2025-2035.

The growth of the animal testing market in the USA and Japan is mainly due to the rise in R&D activities in end-use industries, and regulations to conduct animal experiments before testing on humans. However, the slow anticipated future growth rates (from 2021 to 2035) can be attributed to the requirement from federal agencies on biopharma companies to adopt 3R principles (i.e. to replace, reduce, and refine animals used in the laboratory research), protests from animal welfare organizations. In 2021, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) decided to rule out mammal testing for chemicals by 2035, and increasing preference by end-use industries towards the adoption of non-animal testing technologies.

The global non-animal alternative testing market size was valued at $1.110 billion in 2019. The market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 10.40% during 2019-2025. The USA’s non-animal alternative testing technology market was valued at $0.336 billion in 2019. The USA’s market is forecast to grow at a CAGR of 11.99% through 2025. Japan's non-animal alternative testing technology market was valued at $0.058 billion in 2019 and the market is forecast to grow at a CAGR of 6.79% through 2025.

The growth in the non-animal alternative testing market is mainly due to the adoption of the 3R principles by both regulatory agencies, and end-use companies, especially in the cosmetic industry. The adoption of alternative technologies is expected to grow after 2026 post regulatory agencies’ validation and approval

Animal Testing And Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market Drivers

The key drivers of the animal testing and non-animal alternative testing market include:

The Need For Preclinical Studies For The Approval Of Therapeutics

The need for preclinical studies is on the rise as the researchers gain insights on new drug candidates’ dosing and toxicity while conducting these studies in animal models. Preclinical studies provide information about the safety and efficacy of a drug candidate before testing it in humans. The studies require appropriate preclinical models that are comparable to the target population to ensure reliable results. According to clinicalTrials.gov, a web-based resource which provides data on clinical studies, as of February 2020, there were 330,113 clinical studies registered, of which 34% were from the USA. With the growing need for drug discovery and development, the need for animal models in preclinical studies is also growing.

Animal Testing And Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market Restraints

The key restraints on the animal testing and non-animal alternative testing market include:

The High Cost Of Animal Studies

The high cost associated with animal testing is challenging the growth of this market. The total cost of animal use in research studies is the sum of the cost of acquisition of the animals and that of maintaining the animals prior to and during their use. The maintenance cost and the actual cost for a particular species vary with the sex, strain, weight, age, quantity ordered, method of shipping, and distance shipped.  According to an animal supply company, New Zealand White Rabbits cost as high as $352 each, purebred Beagles for $1,049 and some primates costing more than $8,000 each.  Additionally, there is human labor cost, as the animals need an attendant. The high cost of animal studies is hindering the animal testing market, and in a way boosting the adoption of alternative testing methods.

Animal Testing And Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market Trends

Major trends influencing the animal testing and non-animal alternative testing market include:

Development In OOC (organ-on-chip) For Testing

The OOC (organs-on-chip) tool for testing is a major trend in the non-animal alternatives testing market. OOCs are miniature tissues and organs grown in-vitro that enable the modeling of human physiology and disease. OOCs are now being explored worldwide as tools for developing disease models and accurately predicting drug efficacies and toxicities. The advantages of OOCs over cell culture, animal models, and human clinical trials have captured the attention of both the medical and pharmaceutical communities focusing on developing targeted therapies. For instance, in April 2020, researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in the US, developed a new model for Organs-on-Chip to develop treatments for inflammatory diseases and afflictions.  OOCs consist of millions of cells formed on a platform to replicate the functions of different organs and can be used as an instrument in analyzing and creating new treatments for complex diseases without the use of animals for testing.

Adoption Of Human Patient Simulators For Testing

The use of human-patient simulators for testing is another major trend in the non-animal alternatives testing market. Such human-patient simulators are life-size adult and infant patient simulators that replicate elements of human physiology and can ‘breathe’, ‘talk’, ‘bleed’, ‘convulse’, and even ‘die’. They have been shown to be a more effective method of teaching students physiology and pharmacology compared with crude exercises that involve cutting up animals. Many medical schools across the USA, Canada, and India have replaced the use of animal laboratories with simulators as well as computer simulators, virtual reality systems, and supervised clinical experience in medical training.  In January 2019, Simulab Launched new AirwayMan simulator, a new complete airway management training system to practice and train for complete airway management from nasal and oral intubation to needle and surgical cricothyroidotomy.

Opportunities And Recommendations In The Animal Testing And Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market

Recommendations –To take advantage of the opportunities, The Business Research Company recommends the animal testing and non-animal alternative testing companies to focus on development of 3d-printed organs for testing, focus on development of OOC (organ-on-chip) for testing, focus on pricing based on economies, provide competitively priced offerings, focus on developing economies, expand in developed markets, continue to focus on business-to-business (B2B) promotions and collaborate with end-user companies.

Animal Testing And Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market Segmentation

The animal testing and non-animal alternative testing market is segmented by end-user industry and animal type
By End User Industry-
The animal testing and non-animal alternative testing market is segmented by end user industry into:
    • a) Pharmaceuticals
    • b) Academic Research
    • c) Medical Devices
    • d) Chemicals And Pesticides
    • e) Cosmetics
    • f) Others

By Animal Type –
The animal testing and non-animal alternative testing market is segmented by animal type into:
    • a) Mice
    • b) Rat
    • c) Frogs
    • d) Fish
    • e) Birds
    • f) Guinea pig
    • g) Hamster
    • h) Rabbits
    • i) Sheep
    • j) Dogs
    • k) Cats
    • l) Monkeys
    • m) Pigs
    • n) Others

By Geography- The animal testing and non-animal alternative testing market is segmented by geography into:
    • o Asia Pacific
      • •  China
      • •  Japan
      • •  Australia
    • o North America
      • • USA
      • • Canada
      o Western Europe
      • • UK 
      • • Germany 
      • • France 
      o Rest Of The World

Animal Testing And Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market Competitive Landscape

Major Competitors are:

  • Cyprotex
  • Bio-Rad Laboratories, Inc.
  • MatTek Corporation
  • Emulate, Inc
  • BioIVT
  • Other Competitors Include:

  • Gentronix Limited
  • VITROCELL Systems GmbH
  • Promega Corporation
  • SGS SA
  • Hurel Corporation
  • Novartis
  • Merck & Co
  • Pfizer
  • AbbVie
  • Sanofi
  • Medtronic
  • GE Healthcare
  • Abbott Laboratories
  • Danaher Corporation
  • Johnson & Johnson
  • DuPont de Nemours
  • Dow chemical
  • LyondellBasell Industries
  • PPG Industries, Inc.
  • Ecolab Inc.
    1. Table Of Contents

      1. Animal Testing And Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market Executive Summary

      2. Table of Contents

      3. List of Figures

      4. List of Tables

      5. Report Structure

      6. Introduction

      6.1. Segmentation By Geography

      6.2. Segmentation By End User Industry

      7. Animal Testing And Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market Characteristics

      7.1.1. Animal Testing

      7.1.2. Non-Animal Alternative Testing

      7.1.3. Facts About Animals In Research - Functional Resemblances Of Animals To Human Body

      7.2. Animal Testing And Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market Segmentation By End-Use Industry

      7.2.1. Pharmaceutical Industry

      7.2.2. Academic Industry

      7.2.3. Medical Devices

      7.2.4. Chemicals And Pesticides Industry

      7.2.5. Cosmetics

      7.2.6. Others

      8. Animal Testing And Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market, Value Chain Analysis

      8.1.1. Animal Breeders and Suppliers

      8.1.2. Non-Animal Alternative Testing Technology Developers

      8.1.3. Regulatory Authorities

      8.1.4. Alternative Testing Service Providers

      8.1.5. End-Use Industries

      9. Non-Animal Alternative Testing Trends

      9.1. Development In OOC (organ-on-chip) For Testing

      9.2. Adoption Of Human Patient Simulators For Testing

      9.3. Focus On Development Of 3D-Printed Organs For Testing

      10. Cost Analysis For Animal Testing And Alternative Technologies

      10.1.1. Average Cost Of Laboratory Animals

      10.1.2. Average Cost Of Non-Animal Alternative Testing Methods

      10.1.3. Comparative Cost Analysis For Animal Testing And Alternative Methods

      10.2. Costs Involved In Animal Testing, 2021

      11. Animal Testing And Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market Segments

      11.1. By End Use Industrial Application

      11.1.1. Important Areas of Use

      11.1.2. Basic Research

      11.1.3. Applied Research

      11.1.4. Regulatory Testing

      11.1.5. Development Of New Diagnostic Methods

      11.1.6. Breeding Of Genetically Altered Animals

      11.1.7. Animal Cloning

      11.1.8. End-User Applications

      11.2. Animal Testing Market By Animal Type

      11.2.1. Mice

      11.2.2. Rat

      11.2.3. Frogs

      11.2.4. Fish

      11.2.5. Birds

      11.2.6. Guinea pig

      11.2.7. Hamster

      11.2.8. Rabbits

      11.2.9. Sheep

      11.2.10. Dogs

      11.2.11. Cats

      11.2.12. Monkeys

      11.2.13. Pigs

      11.2.14. Others

      12. Number Of Animals Used In Research, By Country

      12.1.1. USA

      12.1.2. Europe

      12.1.3. United Kingdom (UK)

      12.1.4. Germany

      12.1.5. France

      12.1.6. Australia

      12.1.7. Canada

      12.1.8. China

      13. Non-Animal Alternative Testing Technologies By Type And End Use

      13.1. Introduction

      13.2. Types Of Non-Animal Alternative Testing Technologies

      13.2.1. Cell Or Tissue Culture (In-Vitro)

      13.2.2. Major Cell Culture Developers Worldwide

      13.2.3. Organ-On-Chip (OOC)

      13.2.4. Global OOC Market Size And Growth

      13.2.5. Global OOC Market Drivers And Restraints

      13.2.6. Market Drivers

      13.2.7. Market Restraints

      13.2.8. In-silico (Computer-Based Models)

      13.2.9. Artificial Skin Models (Skin Substitutes)

      13.2.10. Other Technologies

      14. End-User Industries Adoption To Alternative Testing Technologies

      14.1.Adoption of Alternative Testing Technologies By Type of Industry

      14.1.1. Cosmetics Industry

      14.1.2. Pharmaceutical Industry

      14.1.3. Medical Device Industry

      14.1.4. Others

      14.2. Adoption of 3R’s In USA

      14.2.1. 3R Adoption In The Cosmetics Industry

      14.2.2. 3R Adoption In The Pharmaceutical Industry

      14.2.3. 3R Adoption In The Medical Device Industry

      14.3.Adoption of 3R’s In China

      14.3.1. 3R Adoption In The Cosmetics Industry

      14.3.2. 3R Adoption In The Pharmaceutical Industry

      14.3.3. 3R Adoption In The Medical Device Industry

      14.4. Adoption of 3R’s In Europe

      14.4.1. 3R Adoption In The Cosmetics Industry

      14.4.2. 3R Adoption In The Pharmaceutical Industry

      14.4.3. 3R Adoption In The Medical Device Industry

      15. Global Animal Testing And Non-Animal Testing Market

      15.1. Global Animal Testing Market Size And Growth

      15.1.1. Global Animal Testing Market Value ($ Billion)

      15.1.2. Global Animal Testing Market, By Volume (Million Units)

      15.1.3. Drivers Of The Animal Testing Market

      15.1.4. Restraints On The Animal Testing Market

      15.2. Global Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market Size And Growth

      15.2.1. Global Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market Value ($ Billion)

      15.2.2. Drivers Of The Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market

      15.2.3. Restraints On The Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market

      16. Animal Testing And Non-Animal Testing Market, Regional And Country Analysis

      17. USA Animal Testing And Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market

      17.1. USA Animal Testing Market

      17.1.1. USA Animal Testing Market Value ($ Billion)

      17.1.2. USA Animal Testing Market, By Volume (Million Units)

      17.2. USA Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market

      17.2.1. USA Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market Value ($ Billion)

      17.3. USA Animal Testing Market By End Use Industrial Application

      17.3.1. Market By Value And Volume

      17.3.2. Pharmaceuticals

      17.3.3. Academic Research industry was the second largest

      17.3.4. Medical Devices industry was the third largest

      17.3.5. Chemicals And Pesticides industry was the fourth largest

      17.3.6. Cosmetics industry was the smallest

      17.3.7. Other industries were the fifth largest

      17.3.8. Share Of Top 5 Companies, By Revenue (In Each Industrial Application)

      17.4. Regulatory Landscape In The USA

      17.4.1. Regulatory Bodies & Policies

      17.4.2. Proposed Regulations & Guidelines Driving The Animal Testing Alternatives Market

      17.4.3. USDA & Animal Welfare Act

      17.4.4. ICCVAM

      17.4.5. FDA

      17.4.6. NIH

      18. Japan Animal Testing And Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market

      18.1. Japan Animal Testing Market

      18.1.1. Japan Animal Testing Market Value ($ Billion)

      18.1.2. Japan Animal Testing Market, By Volume (Million Units)

      18.2. Japan Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market

      18.2.1. Japan Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market Value ($ Billion)

      18.3.Japan Animal Testing Market By End Use Industrial Application

      18.3.1. Share Of Top 5 Companies, By Revenue (In Each Industrial Application)

      18.4. Regulatory Landscape In Japan

      18.4.1. Regulatory Bodies & Policies

      18.4.2. Proposed Regulations & Guidelines Driving Animal Testing Alternatives Market

      18.4.3. Law for the Humane Treatment and Management of Animals

      18.4.4. MHLW, MEXT, And MAFF

      19. China Animal Testing And Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market

      19.1.China Animal Testing Market

      19.1.1. China Animal Testing Market Value ($ Billion)

      19.1.2. China Animal Testing Market, By Volume (Million Units)

      19.2. Regulatory Landscape In China

      19.2.1. Regulatory Bodies & Policies

      19.2.2. Proposed Regulations & Guidelines Driving Animal Testing Alternatives Market

      20. Australia Animal Testing And Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market

      20.1. Australia Animal Testing Market

      20.1.1. Australia Animal Testing Market Value ($ Billion)

      20.1.2. Australia Animal Testing Market, By Volume (Million Units)

      20.2. Regulatory Landscape In Australia

      20.2.1. Regulatory Bodies & Policies

      20.2.2. Proposed Regulations & Guidelines Driving The Animal Testing Alternatives Market

      21. Europe Animal Testing And Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market

      21.1. Regulatory Landscape In Europe

      21.1.1. EU Directive 2010/63

      21.2. Europe Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market

      21.2.1. Europe Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market Value ($ Billion)

      22. France Animal Testing And Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market

      22.1. France Animal Testing Market

      22.1.1. France Animal Testing Market Value ($ Billion)

      22.1.2. France Animal Testing Market, By Volume (Million Units)

      22.2. France Animal Testing Market By End Use Industrial Application

      22.2.1. Market By Value And Volume

      22.2.2. Pharmaceuticals

      22.2.3. Academic Research industry was the second largest

      22.2.4. Chemicals & Pesticides industry was the third largest

      22.2.5. Medical Devices industry was the fourth largest

      22.2.6. Cosmetics industry was the smallest

      22.2.7. Other industries were the fifth largest

      22.3. Regulatory Landscape In France

      22.3.1. Regulatory Bodies & Policies

      22.3.2. Proposed Regulations & Guidelines Driving The Animal Testing Alternatives Market

      23. Germany Animal Testing And Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market

      23.1. Germany Animal Testing Market

      23.1.1. Germany Animal Testing Market Value ($ Billion)

      23.1.2. Germany Animal Testing Market, By Volume (Million Units)

      23.2. Germany Animal Testing Market By End Use Industrial Application

      23.2.1. Market By Value And Volume

      23.2.2. Pharmaceuticals

      23.2.3. Academic Research industry was the second largest

      23.2.4. Medical Devices industry was the third largest

      23.2.5. Chemicals And Pesticides industry was the fifth largest

      23.2.6. Cosmetics industry was the smallest

      23.2.7. Other industries were the fifth largest

      23.3.Regulatory Landscape In Germany

      23.3.1. Regulatory Bodies & Policies

      23.3.2. Proposed Regulations & Guidelines Driving the Animal Testing Alternatives Market

      24. UK Animal Testing And Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market

      24.1. UK Animal Testing Market

      24.1.1. UK Animal Testing Market Value ($ Billion)

      24.1.2. UK Animal Testing Market, By Volume (Million Units)

      24.2. UK Animal Testing Market By End Use Industrial Application

      24.2.1. Market By Value And Volume

      24.2.2. Pharmaceuticals

      24.2.3. Academic Research industry was the second largest

      24.2.4. Medical Devices industry was the third largest

      24.2.5. Chemicals & Pesticides industry was the fifth largest

      24.2.6. Cosmetics industry was the smallest

      24.2.7. Other industries were the fourth largest

      24.3. Regulatory Landscape in United Kingdom (UK)

      24.3.1. Regulatory Bodies & Policies

      24.3.2. Proposed Regulations & Guidelines Driving the Animal Testing Alternatives Market

      25. Canada Animal Testing And Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market

      25.1. Canada Animal Testing Market

      25.1.1. Canada Animal Testing Market Value ($ Billion)

      25.1.2. Canada Animal Testing Market, By Volume (Million Units)

      25.2. Regulatory Landscape In Canada

      25.2.1. Regulatory Bodies & Policies

      25.2.2. Proposed Regulations & Guidelines Driving Animal Testing Alternatives Market

      26. Rest Of The World Animal Testing And Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market

      26.1. Rest Of The World Animal Testing Market

      26.1.1. Rest Of The World Animal Testing Market Value ($ Billion)

      26.1.2. Rest Of The World Animal Testing Market, By Volume (Million Units)

      26.2. Rest of The World Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market

      26.2.1. Rest of The World Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market Value ($ Billion)

      26.3. Regulatory Landscape In Rest of the World (RoW)

      26.3.1. Regulatory Bodies & Policies

      26.3.2. Proposed Regulations & Guidelines Driving Animal Testing Alternatives Market

      27. Competitive Landscape For Non-Animal Alternative Technologies

      27.1. Company Profiles

      27.2. Cyprotex

      27.2.1. Company Overview

      27.2.2. Products And Services

      27.2.3. Business Strategy

      27.2.4. Financial Overview

      27.3. Bio-Rad Laboratories, Inc.

      27.3.1. Company Overview

      27.3.2. Products And Services

      27.3.3. Business Strategy

      27.3.4. Financial Overview

      27.4. MatTek Corporation

      27.4.1. Company Overview

      27.4.2. Products And Services

      27.4.3. Business Strategy

      27.4.4. Financial Overview

      27.5.Emulate, Inc

      27.5.1. Company Overview

      27.5.2. Products And Services

      27.5.3. Business Strategy

      27.5.4. Financial Overview

      27.6. BioIVT

      27.6.1. Company Overview

      27.6.2. Products And Services

      27.6.3. Business Strategy

      27.6.4. Financial Overview

      27.7. USA Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market Competitive Landscape

      27.7.1. Emulate, Inc

      27.7.2. Organovo Holdings, Inc

      27.7.3. MatTek Corporation

      27.7.4. EMD Millipore

      27.8. China Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market Competitive Landscape

      27.8.1. China Tissue Engineering Co., Ltd. (J-TEC)

      27.8.2. ReproCell Inc

      27.8.3. Organ Technologies Co, Ltd

      27.9. Europe Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market Competitive Landscape

      27.9.1. Episkin

      28. Animal Testing And Non Animal Alternative Testing Global Market Opportunities And Strategies

      28.1. Global Animal Testing Market In 2035 – Geographies Offering Most New Opportunities

      28.2. Global Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market In 2035 – Geographies Offering Most New Opportunities

      28.3. Global Animal Testing And Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market In 2035 – Segments Offering Most New Opportunities

      28.4. Global Animal Testing And Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market In 2025 – Growth Strategies

      28.4.1. Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market Trend Based Strategies

      28.4.2. Competitor Strategies

      29. Conclusions & Recommendations

      29.1. Conclusions

      29.2. Recommendations

      29.2.1. Product

      29.3. Develop 3D-Printed Organs

      29.3.1. Price

      29.3.2. Place

      29.3.3. Promotion

      29.3.4. People

      29.3.5. Need For Validated Non-Animal Alternatives For Pharma And Other End-Use Industries

      29.3.6. Increasing Number Of Players In The Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market

      29.3.7. Focus On Developed Countries

      29.3.8. Collaborations With Technology Developers And Animal Welfare Organizations For Promotion

      30. Appendix

      30.1.Glossary

      30.2. Market Data Sources

      30.3.Research Methodology

      30.3.1. OCED Accepted In Vito Tests

      30.4. Survey on Animal Models & Testing Landscape in the US

      30.4.1. Current Condition By Company

      30.4.2. Number Of Animals Used In Testing

      30.5. Expert Interviews List

      30.6. Non Animal Alternative Testing Interviews

      30.7. USA Interviews

      30.7.1. Interview 1

      30.7.2. Interview 2

      30.7.3. Interview 3

      30.7.4. Interview 4

      30.7.5. Interview 5

      30.7.6. Interview 6

      30.7.7. Interview 7

      30.7.8. Interview 8

      30.7.9. Interview 9

      30.8. China Interviews

      30.8.1. Interview 10

      30.8.2. Interview 11

      30.8.3. Interview 12

      30.8.4. Interview 13

      30.8.5. Interview 14

      30.8.6. Interview 15

      30.9. Animal Testing Interviews

      30.9.1. Interview 16

      30.9.2. Interview 17

      30.9.3. Interview 18

      30.9.4. Interview 19

      30.9.5. Interview 20

      30.9.6. Interview 21

      30.9.7. Interview 22

      30.9.8. Interview 23

    List Of Tables

      Table 1: Estimated Average Cost Of Animals, 2020 ($)
    • Table 2: Estimated Cost Analysis For Animal Testing And Non-Animal Alternative Testing Methods, 2022 ($)
    • Table 3: Estimated Number of Animals Used in Research in the US, 2019
    • Table 4: Estimated Number of Animals Used in Research, UK, 2020
    • Table 5: Number of Animals Used in Research, Germany, 2019
    • Table 6: Animal Used by species Group, Germany, (% Share), 2018
    • Table 7: Global OOC Market, Historic Market Size, 2015 – 2019, $ Million
    • Table 8: Global OOC Market, Historic Market Size, 2015 – 2019, $ Million
    • Table 9:  Organ-On-Chips As An Alternative To Animal Testing, Major OOC Developers Worldwide
    • Table 10: Computer Simulation As An Alternative to Animal Testing, Major In-Silico Model Developers
    • Table 11: Artificial Skin Model As An Alternative To Animal Testing, Major Artificial Skin Model Developers
    • Table 12: Non-Animal Alternative Testing Methods Accepted By The US Agencies
    • Table 13: Non-Animal Alternative Testing Methods Accepted By The China Agencies
    • Table 14: Non-Animal Alternative Testing Methods Accepted By The European Commission
    • Table 15: Global Animal Testing Market Size, 2019– 2035, $ Billion
    • Table 16: Global Animal Testing Market, Volume, 2019– 2035, Million Units
    • Table 17: Global Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market Size, 2019– 2035, $ Billion
    • Table 18: USA Animal Testing Market Size, 2019– 2035, $ Billion
    • Table 19: USA Animal Testing Market, Volume, 2019– 2035, Million Units
    • Table 20: USA Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market Size, 2019– 2035, $ Billion
    • Table 21: USA Animal Testing Market, By End Use Industrial Application, By Value ($ Billion), And By Volume (Millions) 2019,
    • Table 22: USA Animal Testing Market, Estimated Share of Top 5 Companies (In Each Industrial Application), 2020
    • Table 23: Laboratory Animal Testing Regulatory Landscape In The USA
    • Table 24: Japan Animal Testing Market Size, 2019– 2035, $ Billion
    • Table 25: Japan Animal Testing Market, Volume, 2019– 2035, Million Units
    • Table 26: Japan Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market Size, 2019– 2035, $ Billion
    • Table 27: Japan Animal Testing Market, Estimated Share of Top 5 Companies (In Each Industrial Application), 2020
    • Table 28: Laboratory Animal Testing Regulatory Landscape In Japan
    • Table 29: China Animal Testing Market Size, 2019– 2035, $ Billion
    • Table 30: China Animal Testing Market, Volume, 2019– 2035, Million Units
    • Table 31: Laboratory Animal Testing Regulatory Landscape In China
    • Table 32: Australia Animal Testing Market Size, 2019– 2035, $ Billion
    • Table 33: Australia Animal Testing Market, Volume, 2019– 2035, Million Units
    • Table 34: Laboratory Animal Testing Regulatory Landscape In Australia
    • Table 35: Europe Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market Size, 2019– 2035, $ Billion
    • Table 36: France Animal Testing Market Size, 2019– 2035, $ Billion
    • Table 37: France Animal Testing Market, Volume, 2019– 2035, Million Units
    • Table 38: France Animal Testing Market, By End Use Industrial Application, By Value, 2019, $ Billion
    • Table 39: Laboratory Animal Testing Regulatory Landscape In France
    • Table 40: Germany Animal Testing Market Size, 2019– 2035, $ Billion
    • Table 41: Germany Animal Testing Market, Volume, 2019– 2035, Million Units
    • Table 42: Germany Animal Testing Market, By End Use Industrial Application, By Value, 2019, $ Billion
    • Table 43: Laboratory Animal Testing Regulatory Landscape In Germany
    • Table 44: UK Animal Testing Market Size, 2019– 2035, $ Billion
    • Table 45: UK Animal Testing Market, Volume, 2019– 2035, Million Units
    • Table 46: UK Animal Testing Market, By End Use Industrial Application, By Value, 2019, $ Billion
    • Table 47: Laboratory Animal Testing Regulatory Landscape In The UK
    • Table 48: Canada Animal Testing Market Size, 2019– 2035, $ Billion
    • Table 49: Canada Animal Testing Market, Volume, 2019– 2035, Million Units
    • Table 50: Laboratory Animal Testing Regulatory Landscape In Canada
    • Table 51: Rest Of The World Animal Testing Market Size, 2019– 2035, $ Billion
    • Table 52: Rest Of The World Animal Testing Market, Volume, 2019– 2035, Million Units
    • Table 53: Rest Of The World Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market Size, 2019– 2035, $ Billion
    • Table 54: Laboratory Animal Testing Regulatory Landscape In RoW
    • Table 55: Global Non-Animal Alternatives Testing Market, Key Competitor Estimated Market Shares, 2020, Percentage (%)
    • Table 56: Bio-Rad Laboratories, Inc. – Financial Overview, 2016 - 2020, $ Billion
    • Table 57: Emulate Inc, Product Portfolio
    • Table 58: Emulate Inc, Product & Services
    • Table 59: Organovo, Product Portfolio
    • Table 60: MatTek, Product Portfolio
    • Table 61: EMD Millipore, Product Portfolio
    • Table 62: J-TEC, Product Portfolio
    • Table 63: ReproCell, Product Portfolio
    • Table 64: Organ Technologies Product Portfolio
    • Table 65: Episkin, Product Portfolio
    • Table 66: Global Animal Testing Market Size Gain ($ Billion), 2019 – 2035, By Country
    • Table 67: Global Non-Animal Alternative Market Size Gain ($ Billion), 2019 – 2035, By Country
    • Table 68: Global Animal Testing And Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market Size Gain ($ Billion), Segmentation By Type, 2019 – 2035
    • Table 69: Market Data Sources
    • Table 70: OECD Accepted In-Vitro Tests For Medical Devices
    • Table 71: Number Of Animals Tested Globally in 2018
    • Table 72: Expert Interviews List

    List Of Figures

      Figure 1: Global Animal Testing Market Segmentation By End User Industry
    • Figure 2: Value Chain Analysis For Animal Testing & Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market
    • Figure 3: Statistics of Scientific Procedures on Living Animals in the UK, 2020
    • Figure 4: Animal Used by Species Group, 2019, (%)
    • Figure 5:  Global OOC Market, Historic Market Size, 2015 – 2019, $ Million
    • Figure 6:  Global OOC Market, Forecast Market Size, 2019 – 2023, $ Million
    • Figure 7: Animal Testing & Non-Animal Alternative Testing Share In The Major End-Use Industries
    • Figure 8:  Global Animal Testing Market Size, 2019 – 2035, $ Billion
    • Figure 9:  Global Animal Testing Market, Volume, 2019 – 2035, Million Units
    • Figure 10:  Global Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market Size, 2019 – 2035, $ Billion
    • Figure 11: USA Animal Testing Market Size, 2019 – 2035, $ Billion
    • Figure 12: USA Animal Testing Market, Volume, 2019 – 2035, Million Units
    • Figure 13:  USA Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market Size, 2019 – 2035, $ Billion
    • Figure 14:  USA Animal Testing Market, By End Use Industrial Application, By Value ($ Billion), And By Volume (Millions) 2019
    • Figure 15: Japan Animal Testing Market Size, 2019 – 2035, $ Billion
    • Figure 16: Japan Animal Testing Market, Volume, 2019 – 2035, Million Units
    • Figure 17:  Japan Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market Size, 2019– 2035, $ Billion
    • Figure 18: China Animal Testing Market Size, 2019 – 2035, $ Billion
    • Figure 19: China Animal Testing Market, Volume, 2019 – 2035, Million Units
    • Figure 20: Australia Animal Testing Market Size, 2019 – 2035, $ Billion
    • Figure 21: Australia Animal Testing Market, Volume, 2019 – 2035, Million Units
    • Figure 22:  Europe Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market Size, 2019 – 2035, $ Billion
    • Figure 23: France Animal Testing Market Size, 2019 – 2035, $ Billion
    • Figure 24: France Animal Testing Market, Volume, 2019 – 2035, Million Units
    • Figure 25:  France Animal Testing Market, By End Use Industrial Application, By Value, 2019, $ Billion
    • Figure 26: Germany Animal Testing Market Size, 2019 – 2035, $ Billion
    • Figure 27: Germany Animal Testing Market, Volume, 2019 – 2035, Million Units
    • Figure 28:  Germany Animal Testing Market, By End Use Industrial Application, By Value, 2019, $ Billion
    • Figure 29: UK Animal Testing Market Size, 2019 – 2035, $ Billion
    • Figure 30: UK Animal Testing Market, Volume, 2019 – 2035, Million Units
    • Figure 31:  UK Animal Testing Market, By End Use Industrial Application, By Value, 2019, $ Billion
    • Figure 32: Canada Animal Testing Market Size, 2019 – 2035, $ Billion
    • Figure 33: Canada Animal Testing Market, Volume, 2019 – 2035, Million Units
    • Figure 34: Rest Of The World Animal Testing Market Size, 2019 – 2035, $ Billion
    • Figure 35: Rest Of The World Animal Testing Market, Volume, 2019 – 2035, Million Units
    • Figure 36:  Rest of The World Non-Animal Alternative Testing Market Size, 2019 – 2035, $ Billion
    • Figure 37: Global Non-Animal Alternatives Testing Market, Key Competitor Estimated Market Shares, 2020, Percentage (%)
    • Figure 38: Bio-Rad Laboratories, Inc. – Financial Overview, 2016 – 2020, $ Billion
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